Dating china doll
Many dolls represented young women and girls, although boy dolls and baby dolls were also manufactured.
China was first made in the East, where the process was secret, according to Global Times newspaper.
Collectors Weekly notes that from the 1860s until the 1930s or so, millions of china head dolls were made and sold, and are still popular in the antiques marketplace.
If you know the maker of a doll, you may be able to find it on Doll Links, which lists china head and other doll manufacturers from the 19th century on.
Hair color can also help date a doll's manufacture.
China head dolls were made with black, very dark brown, and blonde hair.
It's called "china" because that is where the pottery originated.
China is made from a mixture of clay and minerals mixed with water, molded or shaped and then baked at high temperatures.
They could be very tiny (about the size of a modern penny), a few inches tall, or more rarely, 10" or more: the name came from a folk song about a girl who didn't dress warmly enough on a sleigh ride and froze to death.
Some makers placed a doll (or child's) name on the shoulder plate, without noting the factory.
Just a few well-known china head doll manufacturers among the dozens who produced them included: American companies, along with other German, French and Czech factories also produced dolls, but, as previously mentioned, many of the dolls were unmarked and little is known about the smaller companies.
As china manufacturing methods became more dependable, china head dolls started to fully enter the market by the 1830s according to Collectors Weekly. In Europe, dolls china factories began to turn out dolls resembling the young Queen Victoria after she took the throne.
European and American factories molded dolls with popular hairstyles, pretty faces and delicate hands.